Through the Bible in a Year: Genesis 29 to 34

Today, we will just hit a few subjects. The story speaks for itself and is easy, though sad, to follow.

  • Genesis 29:31: The LORD is compassionate and tends to be for the underdog.
  • Rachel gives her maid to Jacob just as Sarai had given her maid to Abram. This didn’t work out so well for Sarai, though it provides a picture for us of the two covenants. In Rachel’s case, it caused no problems.
  • Mandrake (30:14ff), a powerful herb, was considered to produce fertility.

The Work of God in an Age Without Law

In Genesis 30, we find Jacob oddly putting striped sticks in front of the animals while they were eating in order for them to produce striped, speckled, and spotted offspring. He attributes the effectiveness of this procedure to God in Genesis 31:9.

Today much of life seems defined. We know what is Christian and unchristian. There are things we consider evil, and we all know they are evil.

In Jacob’s day, not much was defined. God was to him still "the God of Bethel, where you anointed a pillar, where you made a vow" (31:13).

Thus, the idea of using something we might fear is witchcraft today—putting striped rods in front of sheep to produce certain offspring—was simply something for him to try in his time.

In fact, you can see the lack of understanding of "the God of Bethel" in Rachel, who stole her father’s idols (statues of false gods) when they fled from him. There is no record that she was ever rebuked for this polytheistic behavior. The Law, which declared that only the LORD God was to be served, was still four hundred years away.

The Blessing of God

It is clear from the story of leaving Laban’s land that Jacob was still in the habit of deception. Nonetheless, God remained with him. He did not let Laban find the idols that Rachel had stolen, and he even warned Laban in a dream to be careful about opposing Jacob.

Later, Jacob prayed a prayer of faith, declaring his own unworthiness and reminding God of his promise (32:9-12). It is this sort of faith, not because it expects things for oneself, but because it believes what God has said, no matter what he said, that causes God to look upon those like Jacob with such favor. It’s not that he prayed for favor, it’s that he treated God as trustworthy.

As a result, and because God had a purpose in raising up a people for himself, God was with Jacob everywhere. He sent him angels along the journey (32:1), and he appeared to him to wrestle with him and give him a new name (discussed below). Finally, he gave him favor in the sight of his brother Esau, who had previously hated him.

Sacrifices … Again

In Genesis 31:54 we read that Jacob "offered a sacrifice on the mountain, and called his kinsmen to the meal" (NASB). Sacrifices were rarely a way to simply kill animals to appease God (or the gods). Sacrifices were a meal. The innards, fat, and skin were burned, but the meat was eaten by those who offered or by the priests.


Haran was located on a tributary of the Euphrates River. Nahor (Abram’s brother) and his descendants continued to leave there after Abram left for the land of Canaan. Abraham’s servant went back to Nahor to find Rebekah, Nahor’s granddaughter, as a wife for Isaac. Jacob went back to Nahor to find wives for himself, both of whom were Rebekah’s nieces (and thus Jacob’s first cousins).

Now Jacob returned again to the land of Canaan, modern Palestine, where both Abraham and Isaac had lived.

Jacob’s New Name

We cannot fail to discuss Jacob’s wrestling with God (32:24-32), though thousands of words could and have been written about it.

Jacob was forced to overcome and to hold onto God for a blessing. This is a picture of how we must wrestle in prayer with God. Our answers do not always come easy.

Also, note the way Jacob’s new name is granted. First, the Angel gives Jacob a new name, Israel. Then, when Jacob asks the Angel’s name, the Angel tells him, "Why do you ask?" Hidden in this exchange and this wording is the fact that the Angel is telling Jacob that he already knows his name … or at least one of his names. The name that was given to Jacob, Israel, is one of the Angel’s names.

This was well known to the early Christians, though we have forgotten much of the prophecy they knew. The Angel, like all other appearances of God in old covenant times, was the Son of God come to earth. No one has ever seen the Father (Jn. 1:18). When we get to Isaiah, we shall see the importance of knowing that Israel was not only the name of the nation descended from Jacob, but it was first one of the names that belongs to the Son of God. It was a gift to Jacob at Penuel.

Finally, Jacob was given a limp at Penuel. Such a limp is not to be despised. May we all be touched by God so that we learn to walk with a spiritual limp, broken of trust in our own power, and required to lean upon the power of God.

Thus, in Genesis 34 we see that Jacob did not try to avenge the rape of his daughter Dinah. Surely, with all that he had seen God do, he could trust God to avenge if he wanted to. Jacob’s sons, on the other hand, young and ready to do battle, destroyed the entire city of Shechem because of it, an act that Jacob could never honor.

A Comment on Dinah

Whether we like it or not (and we do not), in those days the most common answer to a rape was to have the man marry the woman he raped. This is what is prescribed in the Law as well (Deut. 22:28-29). Punishment or revenge seems justifiable (for an Israelite, not a Christian! A Christian must let God judge—and he will [Rom. 12:19-20]). Revenge upon Shechem himself may well have been passed over in Scripture in silence … but the destruction of an entire city?

About Paul Pavao

I am married, the father of six, and currently the grandfather of two. I run a business, live in a Christian community, teach, and I am learning to disciple others better than I have ever been able to before. I believe God has gifted me to restore proper foundations to the Christian faith. In order to ensure that I do not become a heretic, I read the early church fathers from the second and third centuries. They were around when all the churches founded by the apostles were in unity. I also try to stay honest and open. I argue and discuss these foundational doctrines with others to make sure my teaching really lines up with Scripture. I am encouraged by the fact that the several missionaries and pastors that I know well and admire as holy men love the things I teach. I hope you will be encouraged too. I am indeed tearing up old foundations created by tradition in order to re-establish the foundations found in Scripture and lived on by the churches during their 300 years of unity.
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6 Responses to Through the Bible in a Year: Genesis 29 to 34

  1. Ruth says:

    thank you. I feel better now. All the ills of the world are not my fault. I appreciate your thoughtful compassion.

  2. Ruth says:

    oh man that is a giant leap for me too. Dinah may have been in the wrong place at the wrong time. I’ve never been raped but I certainly have been propositioned without provokation. I’m not a little dismayed by this commentary. And like Allison said Joseph was not so vulnerable that he didn’t flee from an outright seduction. Please take that link away. We can talk about sexuality on another forum without dragging Dinah through the mire with so little to go on. Rape is violence not desire. PLEASE take that link away.

    • Shammah says:

      I’ll do that. I only included it because it was from John Wesley, and I was thinking about killing a whole city of people for one crime, not about what he had said about Dinah, which bothered me, too.

      I’ve never been raped, either, but I was in a situation where I was very concerned about it once (before I was a Christian). I was pretty sure I was going to have to fight to prevent it, and I’m a man!!! Fortunately, that situation was public enough that it was defused.

      I’ve also had at least three friends (ladies) that were raped. I understand fully the desire to hurt the perpetrators and the anger over the suggestion that the victim is to blame.

  3. Allison Musick says:

    I read the commentary you linked to, on Dinah. It troubles me that he’s arguing “she brought it on herself” with no Biblical support to say that that’s clearly what the Bible implies, when it would have been enough to say that we have to trust God to avenge where it is needed.

    Maybe I’m too far removed from that society, and/or too American. But it’s hard for me not to get my back up, concerning rape, when someone implies that it was the girl’s fault for putting herself in that situation. Yes, girls can be stupid and take unnecessary, foolish risks. But I have a hard time taking that to mean it was equally her “fault”. A righteous man, like Joseph for example, wouldn’t touch a girl/lady in an impure way even if she was throwing herself at him.

    But that’s just my opinion. I’m probably on an extreme end of the perspective. Thoughts?

    • Shammah says:

      Sorry, y’all. I can understand your frustration on this. Wesley’s comment bothered me, but then I moved on to the rest, and I didn’t think about how much that first comment by Wesley would bother others. I think, "Well, that’s just Wesley, perhaps a product of his times," but others are seeing the link *I* put up, which shows support. Really bad idea, and it’s down now.

      • Allison Musick says:

        Aw, thank you. I wasn’t even imagining you’d respond that way, I was just wondering if my opinion was too far to the extreme. But I appreciate your quick reply and course of action.

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